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Injection Mould Industry In China

Mould is a tool for forcing metal or non-metal forming and are indispensable key process equipment in industrial production. The mould industry is known as the "magnetic industry" in the developed countries such as Europe and America.

According to different processing objects and processing techniques, mould can be divided into stamping mould, plastic mould, casting mould, forging mould, rubber mould, powder metallurgy mould, drawing mould, and inorganic material forming mould. Among them, punch mould, plastic mould, casting mould, forging mould and rubber mould are the top five types of mould.

In recent years, with the rapid development of the automobile industry, electronic information, household appliances, building materials, and machinery industries, China's mould industry has also achieved rapid growth. The total sales of China's mould industry rose from 98 billion yuan in 2009 to 184 billion yuan in 2016. The compound annual growth rate reached 9.58%. In 2008-2011, the largest proportion of plastic mould sales accounted for about 45% of the mould sales, stamping mould accounted for about 37%, casting mould accounted for about 9%, other types of mould total about 9%. This shows, the overall strength and comprehensive competitiveness of the mould industry in China have been significantly enhanced. The service capabilities of the industries such as automobiles, motorcycles, electronics, and home appliances have been greatly enhanced. The backbone injection moulding factory with a certain number and strength have been formed in the industry. China's current mould industry is mainly concentrated in the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, Bohai Rim and other areas, in these large and middle concentration areas, also formed a number of higher degree of agglomeration of the city, district, county, town characteristics mould production base, China's mould the industrial agglomeration effect of the industry is gradually emerging. In terms of regional distribution, the mould industry in the southeastern coastal areas has developed faster than in the central and western regions, and the mould industry in the south has developed faster than the north. The provinces with the most rapid development and the most concentrated mould production are Guangdong and Zhejiang. Ningbo, where the injection moulding factory is located, has formed a mould enterprise cluster centered on Xiangshan, Yuyao, Cixi, Ninghai and Beilun. It has a complete mould industry chain, a fully marketable raw material supply, and a reasonable industrial support system. In 2010, Xiangshan was awarded the title of "Home of China's Foundry Mould" by the China Foundry Association. In 2011, Ningbo was awarded the title of "Mould Capital of China" by the China Machinery Industry Federation.

Plastic partsPlastic products have been widely used in various fields such as automotive, electromechanical, instrumentation, aerospace and other national pillar industries as well as people's daily lives. Although there are many ways to form plastic products, the most important one is injection moulding. About half of the plastic moulds in the world plastic mould market are injection moulds. In 2006, the total output value of China's plastic moulds was more than 300 billion yuan. China's largest injection mould has a weight of more than 50 tons. The precision of the most precise injection mould has reached 2 microns. In China, Guangdong, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Anhui are the main production centers. Guangdong accounts for 40% of the total mould production in China, and the proportion of injection moulds further increases, and hot runner moulds and gas-assisted mould levels further increase.
Injection mould
As a whole, China's plastic mould has made great progress in terms of quantity, quality, technology, and capability. However, compared with the world's advanced level, the gap is still large. After the development in recent years, plastic moulds have shown some new development trends:
Improve injection mould development capabilities
  • Push the development work as far as possible until it involves the product development of the user of the mould. Even if there is no clear user object before the development, become passive and active. At present, TV and display cases, air-conditioner housings and motorcycle plastic parts have already adopted this method, and mobile phone and telephone mould development have also begun to try. This practice has broken the long-term mould factory can only wait for a contract, according to user requirements for the passive design of mould design.
Injection moulds change from relying on fitter skills to relying on modern technology
  • With the improvement of mould design and processing level, injection mould manufacturing is changing from the past mainly relying on the fitter's skills to rely mainly on technology. This is not only a change in the means of production, but also a change in the mode of production and the rise of ideas. This trend has led to a continuous increase in the standardization of moulds, higher and higher precision moulds, mould production cycle is also shorter and shorter, and ultimately promoted the continuous improvement of the overall level of the mould industry. At present, China has more than 10 national high-tech enterprises and about 200 provincial and municipal high-tech enterprises.
Mould production is rapidly developing to informatization
  • In the information society, as a high-level modern mould company, the application of CAD/CAM alone is not enough. At present, many companies have adopted technologies such as CAE and CAT. These are the manifestations of informatization. It has become an industry consensus to develop this trend in the direction of informatization.
Injection moulds develop to a wider range
  • With the development of the market, plastic new materials and diversified moulding methods will inevitably continue to develop in the future. Therefore, the requirements for moulds are getting higher and higher. In order to meet the needs of the market, the plastic moulds of the future will inevitably have a rapid development in terms of variety, structure, performance, and processing. New high-performance and new materials for special applications will continue to evolve, with the consequent generation of special, more advanced processing methods. Various mould cavity surface treatment technologies, such as coating, repair, grinding and polishing will also continue to evolve.

From the analysis of market prospects of China's mould industry and investment development planning research report, we will understand that the focus of the future development of the mould industry is to meet a large number of needs, and have a higher technical content. In addition, China's mould products occupies a relatively large price in the international market. The mould products with good export prospects will also become the focus of development, the development of the mould industry presents a major trend.

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